Degradation of Phenanthrene by Trametes versicolor and Its Laccase
Mun-Jung Han, Hyoung-Tae Choi and Hong-Gyu Song *
Division of Biological Sciences, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 200-701, Korea
Journal of Microbiology, 42(2),94-98, 2004,
white rot fungi, Trametes versicolor, biodegradation, phenanthrene, laccase
Phenanthrene is a three-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and commonly found as a pollutant in various environments. Degradation of phenanthrene by white rot fungus Trametes versicolor 951022 and its laccase, isolated in Korea, was investigated. After 36 h of incubation, about 46% and 65% of 100 mg/l of phenanthrene added in shaken and static fungal cultures were removed, respectively. Phenanthrene degradation was maximal at pH 6 and the optimal temperature for phenanthrene removal was 30^oC. Although the removal percentage of phenanthrene was highest (76.7%) at 10 mg/ l of phenanthrene concentration, the transformation rate was maximal (0.82 mg/h) at 100 mg/L of phenanthrene concentration in the fungal culture. When the purified laccase of T. versicolor 951022 reacted with phenanthrene, phenanthrene was not transformed. The addition of redox mediator, 2,2'- azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) or 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HBT) to the reaction mixture increased oxidation of phenanthrene by laccase about 40% and 30%, respectively.
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