Title Biosynthesis of polyhydroxybutyrate and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) by bacillus thuringiensis R-510
Author Park, Sang Kyu · Lee, Kang Tae · Kim, Young Baek¹ · Rhee, Young Ha *
Address Department of Microbiology, Chungnam National University; ¹Department of Polymer materials, Paichai University
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 35(2),127-133, 1997,
Key Words Bacillus thuringiensis, copolymer, dissolved oxygen concentration, poly-β-hydroxy-alkanoate, polyhydroxybutyrate
Abstract Biosynthesis of polyhydroxybutyrate and copolymer consisting of 3-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxyvalerate [poly(3HB-co-3HV)] by Bacillus thuringiensis R-510 grown with glucose or with mixtures of glucose and propionate was investigated. n-Alkanoic acids other than propionate were not precursors of 3HV units. The fraction of 3HV unit in the copolymer increased from 0 to 84 mol% of 3HV. Polymer yield decreased as the fraction of propionate was increased but the molecular weight distribution was not affected by the composition of carbon substrate. The minimum melting temperature (around 65℃) of poly (3HB-co-3HV) copolymers was observed for the polymer bearing approximately 35 mol% of 3HV. Polyhydroxyalkanoates production by this organism was not dependent on nutritional limitation, but remarkably influenced by dissolved oxygen concentration in the culture medium. Low level of dissolved oxygen concentration prevented spore formation in the cells and stimulated the synthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate. The composition of poly (3HB-co-3HV) produced by B. thuringiensis R-510 lyhydroxyalkanoate. The composition of poly(3HB-co-3HV) produced by B. thuringiensis R-510 varied according to the growth time. However, there was no evidence that polymers isolated from cells were mixtures of immiscible polymers.
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