Title Cloning and Characterization of a Heterologous Gene Stimulating Antibiotic Production in Streptomyces lividans TK-24
Author Kwon, Hyung Jin · Lee, Seung Soo · Hong, Soon Kwang · Park, Uhn Mee¹ · Suh, Joo Won *
Address Department of Biological Science and Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology, Myong Ji University; ¹Division of Life Science, university of Suwon
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 37(2),102-110, 1999,
Key Words Strptomyces griseus, heterologous expression, ermEp* promoter, stimulation of antibiotic production
Abstract Genetic determinant for the secondary metabolism was studied in heterologous expression in Streptomyces lividans TK-24 using Streptomyces griseus ATCC 10137 as a donor strain. Chromosomal DNA of S. griseus was ligated into the high-copy number Streptomyces shuttle plasmid, pWHM3, and introduced into S. lividans TK-24. A plasmid clone with 4.3-kb BamHI DNA of S. griseus (pMJJ201) was isolated by detecting for stimulatory effect on actinorhodin production by visual inspection. The 4.3-kb BamHI DNA was cloned into pWHM3 under the control of the strong constitutive ermEp promoter in both directions (pMJJ202); ermEp promoter-mediated transcription for coding sequence reading right to left: pMJJ203; ermEp promoter-mediated transcription for coding sequence reading left to right) and reintroduced into S. lividans TK-24. The production of actinorhodin was markedly stimulated due to introduction of pMJJ202 on regeneration agar. The introduction of pMJJ202 also stimulated production of actinorhodin and undecylproidigiosin in submerged culture employing the actinorhodin production medium. Introduction of pMJJ203 resulted in a marked decrease of production of the two pigments. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the 4.3-kb region revealed three coding sequences: two coding sequences reading left to right, ORF1 and ORF2, one coding sequence reading right to left, ORF3. Therefore, it was suggested that the ORF3 product was responsible for the stimulation of antibiotic production. The C-terminal region of ORF3 product showed a local alignment with Myb-related transcriptional factors, which implicated that the ORF3 product might be a novel DNA-binding protein related to the regulation of secondary metabolism in Streptomyces.
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