Title Iron Increases Susceptibilities of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Ofloxacin by Increasing the Permeability
Author Sookyoung Kim, Jinsook Kim, Hyeran Nam, Yusun Jung, and Yeonhee Lee *
Address Department of Biology and Culture Collection of Antibiotic Resistant Microbes, College of Natural Science, Seoul Women's University, Seoul 139-774, Ko
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 38(4),265-269, 2000,
Key Words antimicrobial agent, efflux, iron, ofloxacin, permeability, P. aeruginosa
Abstract Iron increased the susceptibilities of clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to quinolones. In the presence of iron, increased susceptibilities to ofloxacin were observed in twenty-six out of thirty isolates and with no change in four isolates. In the case of norfloxacin, iron increased susceptibilities of twelve isolates but did not render any change in eighteen isolates. In the case of ciprofloxacin, iron decreased the MICs (Minimal Inhibitory Concentration) of twenty isolates, increased the MIC of one isolate, and did not change the MICs of nine isolates. To find out how iron increased susceptibility to ofloxacin, bacterial cells were grown in Muller Hinton (MH) media and succinate minimal media (SMM) to induce iron acquisition systems and the intracellular ofloxacin concentrations were assayed in the presence of iron. The addition of iron to the media decreased the MICs of cells whether they were grown in MH or SMM. Siderophores, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (an inhibitor of proton motive force), and ouabain (an inhibitor of ATPase) did not decrease the effect of iron. Results suggested that the increase in the intracellular ofloxacin concentration by iron is accomplished not by decreasing the efflux but by increasing the ofloxacin permeability.
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