Title Sphingosinicella ginsenosidimutans sp. nov., with ginsenoside converting activity
Author Jin-Kwang Kim1,2, Myung-Suk Kang3, Sung Chul Park1, Kyeng-Min Kim4, Kangduk Choi4, Min-Ho Yoon2, and Wan-Taek Im4,5*
Address 1KI for the Biocentury, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea, 2Department of Bio-Environmental Chemistry, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of Korea, 3Microorganism Resources Division, National Institute of Biological Resources, Incheon 404-708, Republic of Korea, 4Graduate School of Future Convergence Technology, Genomic Informatics Center, Hankyong National University, Kyonggi-do 456-749, Republic of Korea, 5Department of Biotechnology, Hankyong National University, Kyonggi-do 456-749, Republic of Korea
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 53(7),435-441, 2015,
DOI 10.1007/s12275-015-5087-3
Key Words 16S rRNA gene, polyphasic taxonomy, Sphingosinicella ginsenosidimutans, ginsenoside
Abstract The Gram-reaction-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, nonspore- forming, and rod-shaped bacterial strain designated BS11T was isolated from the compost and its taxonomic position was investigated by using a polyphasic approach. Strain BS11T grew optimally at 30?7캜 and at pH 7.0 in the absence of NaCl on nutrient agar. Strain BS11T displayed ?glucosidase activity that was responsible for its ability to transform ginsenoside Rb1 (one of the dominant active components of ginseng) to Rd. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain BS11T was shown to belong to the family Sphingomonadaceae and was related to Sphingosinicella vermicomposti YC7378T (96.3% sequence similarity), S. xenopeptidilytica 3-2W4T (96.2%), S. microcystinivorans Y2T (96.1%), and S. soli KSL-125 T (95.9%). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 64.9%. The major menaquinone was Q-10 and the major fatty acids were summed feature 7 (comprising C18:1 ?c/?t/?2t; 40.6%), C16:0 (22.5%), C17:1 ?c (13.7%) and C17:0 (9.1%). DNA and chemotaxonomic data supported the affiliation of strain BS11T to the genus Sphingosinicella. Strain BS11T could be differentiated genotypically and phenotypically from the recognized species of the genus Sphingosinicella. The novel isolate therefore represents a novel species, for which the name Sphingosinicella ginsenosidimutans sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain BS11T (=KACC 16619T =JCM 18201T).