Title Inverse PCR for subtyping of Acinetobacter baumannii carrying ISAba1
Author Shukho Kim, Yun-Ju Park, and Jungmin Kim*
Address Department of Microbiology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu 41944, Republic of Korea
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 54(5),376-380, 2016,
DOI 10.1007/s12275-016-6038-3
Key Words Acinetobacter baumannii, ISAba1, molecular epidemiology, inverse PCR, PFGE
Abstract Acinetobacter baumannii has been prevalent in nosocomial infections, often causing outbreaks in intensive care units. ISAba1 is an insertion sequence that has been identified only in A. baumannii and its copy number varies among strains. It has been reported that ISAba1 provides a promoter for blaOXA-51-like, blaOXA-23-like, and blaampC, which are associated with the resistance of A. baumannii to carbapenems and cephalosporins. The main purpose of this study was to develop a novel inverse PCR method capable of typing A. baumannii strains. The method involves three major steps: cutting of genomic DNA with a restriction enzyme, ligation, and PCR. In the first step, bacterial genomic DNA was digested with DpnI. In the second step, the digested genomic DNAs were ligated to form intramolecular circular DNAs. In the last step, the ligated circular DNAs were amplified by PCR with primers specific for ISAba1 and the amplified PCR products were electrophoresed. Twenty-two clinical isolates of A. baumannii were used for the evaluation of the inverse PCR (iPCR) typing method. Dendrogram analysis revealed two major clusters, similar to pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) results. Three ISAba1-associated genes – blaampC, blaOXA-66-like, and csuD – were amplified and detected in the clinical isolates. This novel iPCR typing method is comparable to PFGE in its ability to discriminate A. baumannii strains, and is a promising molecular epidemiological tool for investigating A. baumannii carrying ISAba1.