Title Dynamics of bacterial communities in rice field soils as affected by different long-term fertilization practices
Author Jae-Hyung Ahn1, Shin Ae Lee1, Jeong Myeong Kim1, Myung-Sook Kim2, Jaekyeong Song1, and Hang-Yeon Weon1*
Address 1Agricultural Microbiology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration (RDA), Wanju 55365, Republic of Korea, 2Soil and Ferilization Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration, Wanju 55365, Republic of Korea
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 54(11),724-731, 2016,
DOI 10.1007/s12275-016-6463-3
Key Words rice, soil, bacterial community, 16S rRNA, fertilization
Abstract Fertilization and the response of the soil microbial community to the process significantly affect crop yield and the environment. In this study, the seasonal variation in the bacterial communities in rice field soil subjected to different fertilization treatments for more than 50 years was investigated using 16S rRNA sequencing. The simultaneous application of inorganic fertilizers and rice straw compost (CAPK) maintained the species richness of the bacterial communities at levels higher than that in the case of non-fertilization (NF) and application of inorganic fertilizers only (APK) in the initial period of rice growth. The seasonal variation in the bacterial community structure in the NF and APK plots showed cyclic behavior, suggesting that the effect of season was important; however, no such trend was observed in the CAPK plot. In the CAPK plot, the relative abundances of putative copiotrophs such as Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, and Proteobacteria were higher and those of putative oligotrophs such as Acidobacteria and Plactomycetes were lower than those in the other plots. The relative abundances of organotrophs with respiratory metabolism, such as Actinobacteria, were lower and those of chemoautotrophs that oxidize reduced iron and sulfur compounds were higher in the CAPK plot, suggesting greater carbon storage in this plot. Increased methane emission and nitrogen deficiency, which were inferred from the higher abundances of Methylocystis and Bradyrhizobium in the CAPK plot, may be a negative effect of rice straw application; thus, a solution for these should be considered to increase the use of renewable resources in agricultural lands.