Title The NADP+-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase Gdh1 is subjected to glucose starvation-induced reversible aggregation that affects stress resistance in yeast
Author Woo Hyun Lee, Ju Yeong Oh, and Pil Jae Maeng*
Address Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Republic of Korea
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 57(10),884–892, 2019,
DOI 10.1007/s12275-019-9065-z
Key Words Gdh1, glucose starvation-induced aggregation, aggregation motif, stress resistance, oxidative stress, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Abstract The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has two isoforms of NADP+-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase (Gdh1 and Gdh3) that catalyze the synthesis of glutamate from α-ketoglutarate and NH4 +. In the present study, we confirmed that Gdh3, but not Gdh1, mainly contributes to the oxidative stress resistance of stationary-phase cells and found evidence suggesting that the insignificance of Gdh1 to stress resistance is possibly resulted from conditional and reversible aggregation of Gdh1 into punctuate foci initiated in parallel with postdiauxic growth. Altered localization to the mitochondria or peroxisomes prevented Gdh1, which was originally localized in the cytoplasm, from stationary phase-specific aggregation, suggesting that some cytosolic factors are involved in the process of Gdh1 aggregation. Glucose starvation triggered the transition of the soluble form of Gdh1 into the insoluble aggregate form, which could be redissolved by replenishing glucose, without any requirement for protein synthesis. Mutational analysis showed that the N-terminal proximal region of Gdh1 (NTP1, aa 21-26, TLFEQH) is essential for glucose starvation-induced aggregation. We also found that the substitution of NTP1 with the corresponding region of Gdh3 (NTP3) significantly increased the contribution of the mutant Gdh1 to the stress resistance of stationary-phase cells. Thus, this suggests that NTP1 is responsible for the negligible role of Gdh1 in maintaining the oxidative stress resistance of stationary- phase cells and the stationary phase-specific stresssensitive phenotype of the mutants lacking Gdh3.