Title Azohydromonas aeria sp. nov., isolated from air
Author Han Xue, Chun-gen Piao, Dan-ran Bian, Min-wei Guo, and Yong Li*
Address Key Laboratory of Forest Protection of National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Research Institute of Forest Ecology Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, P. R. China
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 58(7),543–549, 2020,
DOI 10.1007/s12275-020-9423-x
Key Words Azohydromonas aeria sp. nov., strain t3-1-3, taxonomy
Abstract A grey pink colored bacterium, strain t3-1-3T, was isolated from the air at the foot of the Xiangshan Mountain in Beijing, China. The cells are aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-sporeforming, motile and coccoid-rod shaped (0.9–1.2 × 1.9–2.1 μm). Strain t3-1-3T was catalase-positive and oxidase-negative and this strain grew at 4–42°C (optimum 28°C), a pH of 4.0–9.0 (optimum pH 7.0) and under 0–2% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0–1% NaCl). A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain t3-1-3T was closely related to Azohydromonas riparia UCM-11T (97.4% similarity), followed by Azohydromonas australica G1-2T (96.8%) and Azohydromonas ureilytica UCM-80T (96.7%). The genome of strain t3-1-3T contains 6,895 predicted protein-encoding genes, 8 rRNA genes, 62 tRNA genes and one sRNA gene, as well as five potential biosynthetic gene clusters, including clusters of genes coding for non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS), bacteriocin and arylpolyene and two clusters of genes for terpene. The predominant cellular fatty acids (> 10.0% of the total) in strain t3-1-3T were summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c, 37.8%), summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c, 29.7%) and C16:0 (17.3%). Strain t3-1-3T contained ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) as the predominant respiratory quinone. The polar lipids of strain t3-1-3T comprised phosphatidyl ethanolamine (PE), phosphatidyl glycerol (PG), diphosphatidyl glycerol (DPG), an unidentified glycolipid (GL), an unidentified aminophospholipid (APL), two unidentified phospholipid (PL1-2) and five unidentified lipid (L1-5). The DNA G + C content of the type strain is 70.3%. The broader range of growth temperature, assimilation of malic acid and trisodium citrate, presence of C18:3ω6c and an unidentified glycolipid and absence of C12:0 2-OH and C16:0iso differentiate strain t3-1-3T from related species. Based on the taxonomic data presented in this study, we suggest that strain t3-1-3T represents a novel species within the genus Azohydromonas, for which the name Azohydromonas aeria sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Azohydromonas aeria is t3-1-3T (= CFCC 13393T = LMG 30135T).