Title Potential of Bacillus velezensis as a probiotic in animal feed: a review
Author Fatima Khalid1, Anam Khalid1, Yuechi Fu2, Qian Hu1, Yunfang Zheng1, Salman Khan1, and Zaigui Wang1*
Address 1College of Life Sciences, Anhui Agricultural University, Anhui 230036, P. R. China, 2Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 59(7),627–633, 2021,
DOI 10.1007/s12275-021-1161-1
Key Words Bacillus velezensis, probiotic potential, antimicrobial properties, animal feed
Abstract Bacillus velezensis is a plant growth-promoting bacterium that can also inhibit plant pathogens. However, based on its properties, it is emerging as a probiotic in animal feed. This review focuses on the potential characteristics of B. velezensis for use as a probiotic in the animal feed industry. The review was conducted by collecting recently published articles from peer-reviewed journals. Google Scholar and PubMed were used as search engines to access published literature. Based on the information obtained, the data were divided into three groups to discuss the (i) probiotic characteristics of B. velezensis, (ii) probiotic potential for fish, and (iii) the future potential of this species to be developed as a probiotic for the animal feed industry. Different strains of B. velezensis isolated from different sources were found to have the ability to produce antimicrobial compounds and have a beneficial effect on the gut microbiota, with the potential to be a candidate probiotic in the animal feed industry. This review provides valuable information about the characteristics of B. velezensis, which can provide researchers with a better understanding of the use of this species in the animal feed industry.