Title 미생물에 의한 계면활성제의 분해능과 적응력의 비교
Author 이혜주 · 홍순우
Address 서울대학교 자연과학대학 미생물학과
Bibliography Korean Journal of Microbiology, 18(4),153-160, 1980
Key Words Biodegradation of and comparison of adaptability to dectergents
Abstract Microorgansims utilizing anionic detergent as their carbon and sulfur sources were isolated from soils and sewages. Alkyl benzene sulfonate (Hiti) and sodium dodecyl sulfonate (SDS) were the detergent compound tested. Three of these isolated microorganisms were identified as Pseudomonas spp. and the others asKlbsiella, Enterobacter and Acinetobacter. Biodegradation rate of the detergents and growth rate of Acinetobacter Strain II-8, Pseudomonas strain H-3-1 and 554 among six isolated microorganisms were investigated with colorimetric, warburg manometric, and ultraviolet absorption analyses. By performance of 4 serial successive transfer to new culture broth for the purpose of adaptation method, ABS and SDS could be degraded to far more than 40%-60% and 70%-75%, respectively. However the employment of nonadaptation method, ABS and SDS were degraded to 30%-45% and 45%-65%, respectively. In another words, detergents degradation ability was increased to a certain extent by successive transfer to the new minimal media. We would conclude that the development of adaptation was effective in the removal of recalcitrant compounds.
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