Title Heterologous prime-boost immunization with live SPY1 and DnaJ protein of Streptococcus pneumoniae induces strong Th1 and Th17 cellular immune responses in mice
Author Yulan Qiu, Xuemei Zhang, Xinyuan Zhang, Yunjun Mo, Xiaoyu Sun, Jichao Wang, Yibing Yin, and Wenchun Xu*
Address College of Laboratory Medicine, Key Laboratory Diagnostic Medicine (Ministry of Education), Chongqing Medical University, P. R. China
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 55(10),823-829, 2017,
DOI 10.1007/s12275-017-7262-1
Key Words heterologous prime-boost, Streptococcus pneumonia, vaccine
Abstract diseases in children under 5-year-old. Vaccine has been used as an indispensable strategy to prevent S. pneumoniae infection for more than 30 years. Our previous studies confirmed that mucosal immunization with live attenuated strain SPY1 can protect mice against nasopharyngeal colonization of S. pneumoniae and lethal pneumococcal infection, and the protective effects are comparable with those induced by commercially available 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine. However, live attenuated vaccine SPY1 needs four inoculations to get satisfactory protective effect, which may increase the risk of virulence recovery. It is reported that heterologous primeboost approach is more effective than homologous primeboost approach. In the present study, to decrease the doses of live SPY1 and improve the safety of SPY1 vaccine, we immunized mice with SPY1 and DnaJ protein alternately. Our results showed that heterologous prime-boost immunization with SPY1 and DnaJ protein could significantly reduce the colonization of S. pneumoniae in the respiratory tract of mice, and induce stronger Th1 and Th17 cellular immune responses than SPY1 alone. These results indicate heterologous prime-boost immunization method not only elicits better protective effect than SPY1 alone, but also reduces the doses of live SPY1 and decreases the risk of SPY1 vaccine. This work is the first time to study the protective efficiency with two different forms of S. pneumoniae candidate vaccine, and provides a new strategy for the development of S. pneumoniae vaccine.