Title Relaxed Cleavage Specificity of Hyperactive Variants of Escherichia coli RNase E on RNA I
Author Dayeong Bae, Hana Hyeon, Eunkyoung Shin, Ji‑Hyun Yeom*, and Kangseok Lee*
Address Department of Life Science, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Republic of Korea
Bibliography Journal of Microbiology, 61(2),211-220, 2023,
DOI 10.1007/s12275-023-00013-z
Key Words RNase E · RNA I · Plasmid copy number · Cleavage specificity · Endoribonuclease
Abstract RNase E is an essential enzyme in Escherichia coli. The cleavage site of this single-stranded specific endoribonuclease is well-characterized in many RNA substrates. Here, we report that the upregulation of RNase E cleavage activity by a mutation that affects either RNA binding (Q36R) or enzyme multimerization (E429G) was accompanied by relaxed cleavage specificity. Both mutations led to enhanced RNase E cleavage in RNA I, an antisense RNA of ColE1-type plasmid replication, at a major site and other cryptic sites. Expression of a truncated RNA I with a major RNase E cleavage site deletion at the 5′-end (RNA I- 5) resulted in an approximately twofold increase in the steady-state levels of RNA I- 5 and the copy number of ColE1-type plasmid in E. coli cells expressing wild-type or variant RNase E compared to those expressing RNA I. These results indicate that RNA I- 5 does not efficiently function as an antisense RNA despite having a triphosphate group at the 5′-end, which protects the RNA from ribonuclease attack. Our study suggests that increased cleavage rates of RNase E lead to relaxed cleavage specificity on RNA I and the inability of the cleavage product of RNA I as an antisense regulator in vivo does not stem from its instability by having 5′-monophosphorylated end.